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Vietnamese ginseng was propagated by tissue culture methods

Last modified on 5/7/2011 at 2:01:00 PM. Total 5262 views.

Dr. Duong Tan Nhut - Deputy Director of the Institute for Biological Highlands, Ngoc Linh ginseng Institute propagated by tissue culture methods are well developed in both laboratory and plant in the wild

Highlands Biology Institute (Lam Dong) has announced the successful breeding species Ngoc Linh ginseng ( Panax vietnamensis ) by tissue culture methods. 3 samples of cucumber plants 17 months from the ginseng plant tissue culture has been analyzed and confirmed three major saponin compounds, the active ingredient is effective in cleansing toxins in the body as natural Ngoc Linh ginseng .

Breeding success ginseng cloning opens up prospects for the cultivation and development of high quality ginseng plants in Vietnam

The ginseng plant propagation by tissue culture is not only live outside the natural conditions at a rate of around 85% but after 8 months had 35% tree planting ginseng root formation. This result shows that the growth and development of plant tissue culture Ngoc Linh ginseng far more than trees planted by Ngoc Linh ginseng seeds.

Notably, Ngoc Linh ginseng ginseng species quarter of which is Vietnam, with high economic value, is being exploited to exhaustion limited supply, are grown primarily concentrated in the mountains Ngoc Linh. So, successful breeding ginseng by tissue culture will contribute to solving
more or less the inadequacies mentioned above.

Work Ngoc Linh ginseng is breeding biology Highlands Institute launched in 2003, this is the first unit in the country embarked on the study of special varieties of rare ginseng by asexual methods.

Assoc. Dr. Duong Tan Nhut check the growth and development of Ngoc Linh ginseng by tissue culture methods in the laboratory of the Institute of Biological Highlands

Until now, the Highlands Biological Institute has taken up Ngoc Linh Ginseng Corporation Ngoc Linh Kon Tum field trials at three locations in the mountains Dak-Tu Mo Rong. Initial results showed that the proportion of live trees up to 90%, Ngoc Linh ginseng adapt and thrive in areas near streams under forest canopy; ginseng ideal for high school students and developed the 1800 m above sea level.

Ngoc Linh Ginseng is propagated by asexual methods from 1.5 to 3 years old was taken to the Institute were grown in Kon Tum Saponin containing high levels equivalent to the Ngoc Linh ginseng plants grow wild.

In addition, Highlands Biological Institute has conducted 200 trials Ngoc Linh ginseng plants are propagated by asexual methods in a highland Lam Dong province to check on the new land adaptation of plants this.

Ngoc Linh ginseng in the nursery of the Institute of Biological Highlands

With the successful research Ngoc Linh ginseng by tissue culture methods will help growers be more active on the same source, high-quality ginseng. Meanwhile, the natural method of propagation by seed is very difficult because germination was only from 50 to 60%, even 20 to 30% and has always been eaten by insects before the human ginseng seeds timely harvesting.

According to Dr. Tran Cong Luan, director of the Center City ginseng and medicinal herbs, this success brings international stature as a research without any success at home and abroad for breeding in dark tissue culture. However, Dr. Luan also said this is only the initial success by Ngoc Linh ginseng is a perennial, like harvesting requires at least 5 years, while the results of sample analysis ginseng farming tissue based on the aforementioned 17-month-old plants. Therefore, still need more time to assess the development of biomass and accumulation of this active ingredient of ginseng species.

Highland Institute of Biology said, there are many companies and individuals called to order ginseng Institute propagated by asexual methods.

(collected from internet and translated from Vietnamese by Google)


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