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Status of biodiversity and conservation in Vietnam

Last modified on 22/6/2011 at 10:44:00 AM. Total 22142 views.

Biodiversity of Vietnam was inventoried and assessed. These results were shown as follows:

The types of existing vegetation were introduced including 4 classes of formation, 15 subclasses of formation, 32 groups of formation and 77 formations of plants. 1/The first Class: Dense forest including: Subclass 1: evergreen forest, Subclass 2: deciduous forest and Subclass 3: dry forest; 2/ 2/The second Class: Open forest including Subclass 1: evergreen open forest; Subclass 2: deciduous broad-leaved woodland and Subclass 3: Xerophilous open forest.; 3/The third Class: shrubby savannas = Scrub including Subclass 1: Evergreen srhubby savannas, Subclass 2: Deciduous srhubby savannas and Subclass 3: Xerophilous savannas; 4/The fourth Class: Grassland including Subclass 1: High gramineous, Subclass 2: Medium gramineous grassland, Subclass 3: Low gramineous grassland, non-gramineous grassland and aquatic forest-water vegetation.

Based on the new information, the biodiversity of flora and Fauna of Vietnam were listed as follows: 28,682 species of flora and fauna of Vietnam were identified and listed including:

On flora of Vietnam there are 19,357 species including 600 species of Fungi, 368 species of Cyanophyta, 2,176 species of Algae, 793 species of Bryophyta, 2 species of Psilotophyta, 57 species of Lycopodiophyta, 2 species of Equisetophyta, 691 species of Polypodiophyta, 69 species of Pinophyta and 13,000 species of Magnoliophyta.

On fauna of Vietnam: 9,325 species including: 5,500 species of Insect, 2,470 species of Fish, 800 species of Bird, 80 species of Amphibian, 180 species of Reptile and 295 species of Mammal.

Nguyen Nghia Thin
Ha Noi National University

(Proceedings of the 1st National scientific conference of Vietnam natural museum system, 2011)

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