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LOÀI

Tên Khoa học: Bulbophyllum striatulum Aver.
Tên tiếng Anh:
Tên tiếng Việt: Cầu diệp có sọc
Tên khác:

MÔ TẢ CHUNG

Creeping trunk or branch epiphyte. Rhizome long, rigid, semi-woody, (3.5)4–5(5.5) mm in diam., with erect pseudobulbs distant on (5)6–8(9) cm. Pseudobulbs pale dull yellowish-green to olive-brownish, often with purple-brown tint, narrowly conical, (2)2.5– 4.5(5.5) cm tall, (0.7)1–1.5(1.8) cm in diam., glossy, at the base often with wooly, light gray bract remnants. Leaf petiolate; leaf blade rigid, coriaceous, oblong broadly lanceolate, (8)10–22(25) cm long, (1.2)1.5– 3(3.5) cm wide, narrowing into terete, shallowly grooved petiole, (0.8)1–3(3.5) cm long, 2–3(3.5) mm in diam., obtuse at apex. Inflorescence with horizontal peduncle and pendulous dense flowered raceme; peduncle (12)15–20(22) cm long, (1.4)1.6–2.2(2.5) mm in diam., straight, erect and down arching at the middle, yellowish-pink to dull brownish-purple, with (3)4–5(6) sterile, broadly ovate, obtuse, pinkish bracts more or less distant along the scape; rachis (7)8–12(14) cm long, glabrous, pinkish, stout, straight down drooping, with many flowers opening simultaneously. Floral bracts light dull pinkish or yellowish, papyraceous, narrowly triangular, broadly lanceolate, erect, acuminate, (4)5–7(8) mm long, (0.6)0.8–1.2(1.4) mm wide. Pedicel and ovary (1.8)2.5–4(4.2) mm long, ovary obconical, longitudinally slightly grooved (0.6)0.8–1(1.2) mm in diam near flower base. Flowers with strong, unpleasant smell, not much opening, 5–6 mm across, spirally arranged into dense spike-like cylindrical raceme (7)8–12(14) cm long, (1)1.2–1.5(1.6) cm in diam. Sepals 3-5–veined, dull light yellowish-orange, each with 3 purple-brown longitudinal irregular stripe and purple-brown along the margin, spreading, narrowly triangular-ovate, acute to slightly acuminate, glabrous, median sepal (5)5.5–6.5(7) mm long, 1.8–2.2 mm wide; lateral sepals oblique, (7.5)8– 8.5(9) mm long, (2.4)2.5–3(3.2) mm wide, free or joined at apex. Petals dull light yellowish-orange, purple-brown along margin, triangular, narrowing from broad base into aristate apex, (2.4)2.5–2.8(3) mm long, (0.8)0.9–1.1(1.2) mm wide near the base; with subulate arista (0.6)0.8– 1(1.1) mm long. Lip white finely speckled with pink or dull purple, fleshy, oblong narrowly ovoid, (3)3.2– 3.5(3.6) mm long, (0.9)1–1.2(1.3) mm wide, recurved near the base, broadly grooved, finely papillose and shortly ciliate along margin, without distinct keels, rounded or blunt at apex, at the base with 2 forward directed, broad, falcate, obtuse ears. Column white, shortly cylindric, broad, (1.4)1.5–1.8(2) mm tall, (0.8)1(1.2) mm wide, with oblong, concave stigma and long, acuminate stelidia 0.8–1(1.2) mm long, much exceeding operculum; operculum yellow, hemispheric, papillose, 0.7–0.8 mm in diam.

Etymology

Species name refers contrasty striated coloration of sepals.

Habitat, phenology and conservation status

Creeping trunk and branch epiphyte. Dry broad-leaved evergreen and semideciduous forests and woodlands on basalt, shale and granite. 600–1000 m. Fl. November–December.

Locally common.

Estimated IUCN Red List status - DD.

Distribution

Vietnam provinces: Dak Lak (Chu Yang Sin Mountains) and Kon Tum (Dak Ha disrict, Dak Uy commune).

Endemic.

ẢNH

Bulbophyllum striatulum and Bulbophyllum subtenellum on Taiwania 61(4).jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Ảnh 1. Bulbophyllum striatulum and Bulbophyllum subtenellum on Taiwania 61(4).jpg

 

Bulbophyllum striatulum on Taiwania 61(4).jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Ảnh 2. Bulbophyllum striatulum on Taiwania 61(4).jpg

 

PHÂN LOẠI KHOA HỌC
Giới: Thực vật
Ngành: Magnoliophyta
Lớp: Liliopsida
Bộ: Orchidales
Họ: Orchidaceae
Chi: Bulbophyllum

CHỈ SỐ

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